Network Elements

In a computer network in general there are devices, media, and services that are bound by rules that work together to send messages. We use the word message as a term that includes web pages, e-mail, instant messages, telephone calls, and other forms of communication made possible on the Internet. In this paper, we will […]

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Basics of Assembling Open BTS

Open Base Transceiver Station, or abbreviated as OpenBTS, is a software-based GSM BTS, which allows GSM cell phone users to make phone calls or send short messages (SMS), without using a commercial cellular operator network. That is, with this technology users can make calls or SMS without the need for credit. In fact, by assembling […]

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Basic Concepts of Fiber Optic Access Network

Some Basic Concepts of Fiber Optic Access NetworkMultiplexing ConceptMultiplexing is the merging of several information signal channels into one information channel with the aim that the information signals can be sent simultaneously in 1 channel. Several types of multiplexing methods, are as follows: FDM (Frequency Division Multiplexing)The technique of merging information signal channels by using […]

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Types of Wireless Antennas

Types of Wireless AntennasIn the field of electronics, the definition of antenna is “transformer / transmission structure between guided waves (transmission channels) with free space waves or vice versa. Now the antenna is one of the essential elements that must be present in a radio telescope, TV, radar, and all other means of communication that […]

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Types of Computer Network Cables and Their Functions

Types of Computer Network CablesHere are the types of computer network cables; cat5 UTP cable: is a UTP cable with a standard created in 2001 by TIA/EIA-568-B. Cat5 UTP cable can only transmit data at 100 Mbit/s, this maximum capacity is the same as Ethernet’s ability to transmit 100BASE-TX data signals [era 2001]. Along with […]

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IP/TCP Basics

IP Address That is the addressing system on the network which is represented by a series of numbers in the form of a combination of 4 series of numbers between 0 to 255, each separated by a dot (.) starting from 0.0.0.1 to 255.255.255.255 and is unique. IP / TCP TCP (Transmission Control Protocol): the […]

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